Subnational HDI (v7.0)

Standard of Living Component of SHDI

Standard of Living Component of SHDI. The natural logarithm of Gross National Income per capita in 2011 US$ PPP (LGNIc) is used as indicator.

For High Income Countries (HICs) and some Middle-Income Countries (MICs), subnational values of LGNIc were based on data derived from national statistical offices and Eurostat.

For most Low-and Middle Income Countries (LMICs), data on standard of living were derived from the Global Data Lab Area Database. Given that household surveys and censuses for LMICs often do not contain information on income and, if they do, this information is not very reliable in poor areas, subnational values of GNIc were estimated based on household wealth. For this purpose, the International Wealth Index (IWI) was used, which measures household wealth on the basis of information on asset ownership, housing quality and access to public services. The IWI scale runs from 0 to 100, with 0 meaning ownership of none of the assets and bad quality housing and services and 100 indicating ownership of all assets and best quality housing and services.

To create the dimension indices and SHDI on the basis of the four indicators (mean years of schooling of adults aged 25+, expected years of schooling, life expectancy, and gross national income per capita) the same procedures were used as are used by the UNDP to compute the regular HDI.

For a complete list of sources and surveys used, please refer to the Area Database's Data Sources page.