Blogs and publications


UNDP-HDialog Blog: The Subnational Gender Development Index: Within-country variation in gender (in)equality revealed.

N-IUSSP Blog: The subnational Human Development Index: Details on inequality.

UNDP-HDialog Blog: The Subnational Human Development Index: Moving beyond country-level averages.

World Bank Data Blog: Global Data Lab: a resource for subnational development indicators from household surveys.

UNESCO World Education Blog: Improving the measurement of household wealth to better understand global inequalities in education.

Global Data Lab Working Paper Series

Ebbers, A. & J. Smits (2020). Household and context-level determinants of birth registration in sub-Saharan Africa. GDL Working paper 20-102.

Crombach, L. & J. Smits (2020). The demographic window of opportunity and economic growth at sub-national level in 91 developing countries. GDL Working paper 20-101.

Schrijner, S. & J. Smits (2019). Paternity Uncertainty or Male Dominance? Paternal versus Maternal Grandmothers' Contribution to Children's Schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa. GDL Working paper 19-101.

Smits, J. & I. Permanyer (2018). Subnational Human Development Database. GDL Working paper 18-101.

Schrijner, S. & J. Smits (2017). Grandfathers and children's schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa. GDL Working paper 17-101.

Alcorta, L., J. Smits & H. Swedlund (2016). Inequality and ethnic conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. GDL Working paper 16-102.

Smits, J. (2016). GDL Area Database. Sub-national development indicators for research and policy-making. GDL Working paper 16-101.

Global Data Lab Publications

Smits, J & I. Permanyer (2019). The Subnational Human Development Database. (Nature) Scientific Data, 6, 190038.

Permanyer, I & Smits, J. (2019). Inequality in human development across the globe. Prepublication on SocArXiv.

Alcorta, L., J. Smits & H. Swetlund (2018). Inequality and ethnic conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. Social Forces, 97(2), 769–792.

Schrijner, S. & J. Smits. (2018). Grandparents and Children's Stunting in sub-Saharan Africa. Social Science and Medicine, 205, 90-98.

Schrijner, S. & J. Smits (2018). Grandmothers and Children’s Schooling in Sub-Saharan Africa. Human Nature, 29(1), 65–89.

Komarulzaman, A., E. De Jong, J. Smits (2017). The Switch to Refillable Bottled Water in Indonesia: A Serious Health Risk. Journal of Water and Health, 15(6), 1004-1014.

Monden, C. & J. Smits (2017). Mortality among twins and singletons in sub-Saharan Africa between 1995 and 2014. Lancet Global Health, 5(7), e673–e679.

De Jong, E., J. Smits, & A. Longwe (2017). Estimating the causal effect of fertility on women's employment in Africa using twins. World Development, 90, 360-368.

Komarulzaman, A., J. Smits & E. de Jong (2017). Clean Water, Sanitation and Diarrhoea in Indonesia: Effects of Household and Community Factors. Global Public Health, 12(9), 1141-1155.

Lenjiso, B., J. Smits, R. Ruben (2016). Smallholder Milk market participation and intra-household time allocation in Ethiopia. European Journal of Development Research, 28(5), 808-825.

Berendsen, M., J. Smits, M. Netea, A. Van der Ven (2016). Non-specific effects of vaccines and stunting: Timing may be essential. Ebiomedicine, 8, 341–348.

Lenjiso, B., J. Smits, R. Ruben (2016). Transforming Gender Relations through the Market: Smallholder Milk Market Participation and Women`s Intra-household Bargaining Power in Ethiopia . Journal of Development Studies, 52(7), 1002-1018.

Huisman, J. & J. Smits (2015). Keeping children in school: Household and district-level determinants of school dropout in 322 districts of 30 developing countries. Sage Open, October-December, 1-15, DOI: 10.1177/2158244015609666.

Smits, J. & R. Steendijk (2015). The International Wealth Index (IWI). Social Indicators Research, 122(1), 65-85.

Afeworki, R., J. Smits, J. Tolboom & A. van der Ven (2015). Positive effect of large birth intervals on early childhood hemoglobin levels in Africa is limited to girls. Cross-sectional DHS study. PLoS ONE 10(6), 1-14, e0131897.

Webbink, E., E. De Jong & J. Smits (2015). Child labor in Africa and Asia: Household and context determinants of hours worked in paid labor by young children in 16 low-income countries. European Journal of Development Research, 27, 84-98.

Pison, G., Monden, C. & J. Smits (2015). Is the twin-boom in developed countries coming to an end? Population and Development Review, 41(4), 629-649.

Vyrastekova, J., J. Huisman, I. Mosha & J. Smits (2014). Gender differences in parental altruism; Evidence from field experiments in Tanzania. PLoS ONE, 9(6), 1-6 (e99952).

Haverkate, M., J. Smits, H. Meijerink & A. van der Ven (2014). Socioeconomic determinants of hemoglobin levels of African women are less important in areas with more health facilities: a multilevel analysis. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 68, 116-122.

Smits, J. & C. Monden (2014). Length of life inequality. In Alex C. Michalis (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research. Springer.

Webbink, E., E. De Jong & J. Smits (2014). Child labor in Africa and Asia: Household and context determinants of hours worked in paid labor by young children in 16 low-income countries. European Journal of Development Research.

Webbink, E., J. Smits & E. De Jong (2013). Household and context determinants of child labor in 221 districts of 18 developing countries. Social Indicators Research, 110(2), 819-836.

Monden, C. & J. Smits. (2013). Maternal education reduces sex differentials in under-five mortality in Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Epidemiology, 42(1), 211-218.

Longwe, A. & J.Smits (2013). The Impact of Family Planning on Primary School Participation in Sub-national Areas within 25 African Countries. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 17(2), 23-38.

Smits, J. & J. Huisman. (2013). Determinants of educational participation and gender differences in education in six Arab countries. Acta Sociologica, 56(4), 325-346.

Webbink, E., J. Smits & E. De Jong. (2012). Hidden child labour: Determinants of housework and family business work of children in 16 developing countries. World Development, 40(3), 631-642.

Longwe, A. & J.Smits (2012). Reproductive Health Outcomes and School Enrollment in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studies in Family Planning, 43(2), 127-134.

Smits, J. & C. Monden. (2012). Taller Indian women are more successful at the marriage market. American Journal of Human Biology, 24(4), 473-478.

Smits, J. & R. Steendijk (2011). The International Wealth Index (IWI). NiCE Working Paper 12-107. Nijmegen Center for Economics.

Vranken, M., J. Smits & E. De Jong (2011). Effects of IMF programs on school enrollment in developing countries. NiCE Working Paper 11-101.

Smits, J. & C. Monden. (2011). Twinning Across the Developing World. PLoS ONE, 6(9), 1-5 (e25239).

Huisman, J., U. Rani & J. Smits (2010). School characteristics, socio-economic status and culture as determinants of primary school enrolment in India. NiCE Working Paper 10-109.

Spierings, N., J. Smits & M. Verloo. (2010). Micro and macro-level determinants of women's employment in six Arab countries. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 1391-1407.

Huisman, J. & J. Smits. (2009). Effects of household and district-level factors on primary school enrollment in 30 developing countries. World Development, 37(1), 179-193.

Spierings, N., J. Smits & M. Verloo (2009). On the compatibility of Islam and gender equality: Effects of modernization, State Islamization, and democracy on women's labor market participation in 45 Muslim countries. Social Indicators Research, 90, 503-521.

Smits, J. & C. Monden. (2009). Length of Life Inequality Around the Globe. Social Science and Medicine, 68, 1114-1123.

Monden, C. & J. Smits (2009). Maternal height and child mortality in 42 developing countries. American Journal of Human Biology, 21, 305-311.

Smits, J. & H. Park. (2009). Five decades of educational assortative marriage in ten East Asian societies. Social Forces, 88(1), 227-256.

Gündüz-Hosgör, A. & J. Smits (2008). Variation in Labor Market Participation of Married Women in Turkey. Women's Studies International Forum, 31, 104-117.

Smits, J., J. Huisman & K. Kruijff (2008). Home language and education in the developing world. Commissioned study for the Education for All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report 2009. "Overcoming inequality: Why governance matters".

Gündüz-Hosgör, A. & J. Smits. (2007). The status of rural women in Turkey: What is the role of regional differences. In Valentine Moghadam (ed.) Empowering women: Participation, rights and women's movements in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

Smits, J. & A. Gündüz-Hosgör. (2006). Effects of family background characteristics on educational participation in Turkey. International Journal of Educational Development, 26, 545-560