Area Database (v4.3)

GDL Area Profile Report

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Nepal

This GDL Area Profile Report provides an overview of the major social and economic characteristics of the region or country. The figures are derived from the most recent national household survey available at the Global Data Lab. These and many other indicators can also be downloaded freely from the GDL Area Database. Further information on the indicators is available at the bottom of this report and at the GDL website.

Level of development Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
International Wealth Index (IWI) value1 60.4 0.99 10 / 40 ( 5 ) 2022
Poverty Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Percentage poor households (IWI value under 70) 68.1 -1.59 31 / 38 ( 7 ) 2022
Percentage poorer households (IWI value under 50) 29.3 -2.56 30 / 40 ( 6 ) 2022
Percentage poorest households (IWI value under 35) 9.20 -0.75 26 / 38 ( 6 ) 2022
Education Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Mean years education population aged 20+ 5.50 0.02 7 / 41 ( 3 ) 2022
Mean years education of women aged 20+ 4.57 0.03 5 / 41 ( 3 ) 2022
Mean years education of men aged 20+ 6.68 0.02 9 / 41 ( 3 ) 2022
Educational attendance Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Educational attendance children aged 6-8 (%) 95.9 6.17 32 / 37 ( 9 ) 2022
Educational attendance children aged 9-11 (%) 97.2 0.89 22 / 37 ( 6 ) 2022
Educational attendance children aged 12-14 (%) 93.5 0.28 19 / 37 ( 6 ) 2022
Educational attendance children aged 15-17 (%) 80.5 1.78 20 / 37 ( 6 ) 2022
Educational attendance children aged 18-20 (%) 44.6 1.75 22 / 37 ( 6 ) 2022
Educational attendance children aged 21-23 (%) 23.0 1.58 27 / 37 ( 6 ) 2022
Position of women Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Total fertility rate 2.13 -0.04 5 / 20 ( 2 ) 2022
Mean age difference partners (husband-wife) 3.98 0.08 21 / 38 ( 4 ) 2022
Mean age at first marriage of women aged 20-50 18.2 -0.05 4 / 35 ( 2 ) 2022
Mean age at first birth of women aged 20-50 20.2 -0.03 4 / 35 ( 4 ) 2022
Percentage of women in 50+ population 52.6 0.37 24 / 41 ( 4 ) 2022
Patrilocality Index (positive values patrilocal) 2.83 -0.09 29 / 36 ( 10 ) 2022
Position of children Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Infant mortality rate 31.7 2.44 24 / 35 ( 5 ) 2022
Under five mortality rate 37.5 2.10 23 / 35 ( 5 ) 2022
Percentage stunted children 25.4 -2.07 20 / 31 ( 6 ) 2022
Percentage wasted children 7.00 -1.63 20 / 31 ( 8 ) 2022
Percentage underweight children 18.8 -1.83 24 / 31 ( 9 ) 2022
Percentage overweight children 1.00 -0.77 1 / 1 ( 1 ) 2022
Asset ownership Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Percentage households with a TV 48.7 -2.37 6 / 36 ( 3 ) 2022
Percentage households with a refrigerator 26.6 0.71 7 / 35 ( 4 ) 2022
Percentage households with a washing machine 3.47 - 3 / 30 ( 2 ) 2019
Percentage households with a motorbike 28.9 1.14 21 / 36 ( 9 ) 2022
Percentage households with a computer 13.6 -0.62 11 / 37 ( 4 ) 2022
Access to public services Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Percentage of households with electricity 96.4 1.97 15 / 36 ( 7 ) 2022
Percentage households with a phone 95.8 0.26 26 / 37 ( 8 ) 2022
Percentage households with internet access 51.1 -1.99 13 / 23 ( 7 ) 2019
Population Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Total area population in millions 28.6 0.45 27 / 41 ( 8 ) 2019
Share of national population living in area 100 0.00 1 / 1 ( 11 ) 2022
Average household size 4.15 -0.03 9 / 38 ( 4 ) 2022
Percentage population in urban areas 66.7 -0.21 31 / 40 ( 8 ) 2022
Demographic window phase 3 0 2022
Dependency ratio 59.9 0.70 19 / 40 ( 5 ) 2022
Quality of housing Value Trend Continent rank LMIC decile Year
Percentage households with three or more sleeping rooms 34.9 1.24 21 / 37 ( 7 ) 2022
Percentage households cooking on wood, straw, grass, dung etc. 54.8 -15.0 19 / 29 ( 6 ) 2022

Meaning of the menu items: Value: Indicator value in GDL Area Database. Trend: Average yearly change in indicator value since preceding survey. National rank: Within-country rank on indicator (1 is highest value within country). Continent rank: Within continent rank on indicator (continents are America, Africa, Asia/Pacific and (Eastern) Europe). LMIC decile: Decile position on indicator among 1300+ regions within 125+ low and middle income countries.

The indicators presented in this GDL Profile Report are created by aggregating to the sub-national and national level from representative household surveys. Detailed information on the data and methods used is available here and in Smits (2016).

1 The International Wealth Index (IWI) is an asset-based index that measures the economic situation of households in LMICs on the basis of their ownership of assets, housing quality and access to public services. IWI runs from 0 to 100, with 0 meaning none of the assets and lowest quality housing and services and 100 all assets and highest quality housing and services (Smits & Steendijk, 2015).

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