Global Data Lab

Institute for Management Research
Radboud University

GDL Area Database (3.7.0)

Free Sub-National Development Indicators

133 indicators, 129 countries, 1461 sub-national regions
36.8 million persons, 8.3 million households
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Blue numbers are estimated
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% households with a computer

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
China (Asia/Pacific)
Total 17.6 19.4 21.2 23.0 24.8 26.5 28.3 30.1 31.9 33.7 35.5 37.2 39.0 41.3 43.5 46.9 50.3 53.7 57.1 60.5
Urban 11.7 15.4 19.2 23.0 26.7 30.5 34.3 38.0 41.8 45.6 49.3 53.1 56.9 58.3 59.8 62.6 65.3 68.1 70.9 73.6
Rural 15.7 16.4 17.2 17.9 18.7 19.4 22.4 25.5 28.5 31.5 34.5
Poor 0.01 0.09 0.17 0.25 1.54 2.82 4.11 5.39 6.68 7.96 9.25 10.5 11.8 9.04 6.26 6.34 6.41 6.49 6.56 6.64
Nonpoor 16.7 19.2 21.8 24.4 26.9 29.5 32.1 34.6 37.2 39.8 42.3 44.9 47.5 47.6 47.8 51.0 54.3 57.5 60.7 63.9
Lowest 25% 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 1.36 2.72 4.08 5.44 6.80 8.16 9.52 10.9 12.2 14.5 16.8 19.8 22.9 26.0 29.1 32.2
Second 25% 0.01 0.56 1.11 1.66 4.92 8.18 11.4 14.7 18.0 21.2 24.5 27.7 31.0 32.6 34.1 39.5 44.9 50.3 55.7 61.1
Third 25% 7.57 10.7 13.7 16.8 19.9 23.0 26.1 29.2 32.3 35.4 38.5 41.6 44.7 49.6 54.6 57.0 59.5 62.0 64.5 67.0
Highest 25% 19.8 23.8 27.8 31.8 35.8 39.8 43.8 47.8 51.8 55.8 59.8 63.8 67.8 68.4 69.1 73.2 77.3 81.5 85.6 89.8
Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong 61.8 60.8 59.8 58.8 57.8 56.8 55.8 54.8 53.9 52.9 51.9 50.9 49.9 52.2 54.5 55.4 56.4 57.3 58.2 59.2
Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet 17.6 17.0 16.4 15.9 15.3 14.7 14.1 13.6 13.0 12.4 11.9 11.3 10.7 22.4 34.1 35.7 37.2 38.8 40.4 41.9
Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan 40.1 41.9 43.7 45.6 47.4 49.3 51.1 53.0 54.8 56.6 58.5 60.3 62.2 56.7 51.2 55.3 59.4 63.5 67.6 71.7
Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang 4.44 6.59 8.74 10.9 13.0 15.2 17.3 19.5 21.6 23.8 25.9 28.1 30.2 29.8 29.3 35.2 41.1 47.0 52.8 58.7
Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia 9.87 11.5 13.1 14.8 16.4 18.1 19.7 21.3 23.0 24.6 26.2 27.9 29.5 33.6 37.8 41.3 44.8 48.3 51.8 55.3
Hubei, Jiangxi, Hunan, Guangxi 21.3 21.9 22.6 23.2 23.8 24.4 25.1 25.7 26.3 27.0 27.6 28.2 28.9 34.9 40.9 43.2 45.5 47.7 50.0 52.2
Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang 23.6 24.1 24.5 25.0 25.4 25.9 26.3 26.7 27.2 27.6 28.1 28.5 29.0 33.2 37.5 43.3 49.1 55.0 60.8 66.6
Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui 10.4 13.3 16.2 19.1 22.0 24.9 27.7 30.6 33.5 36.4 39.3 42.2 45.1 50.0 54.8 57.5 60.1 62.8 65.4 68.1
Anhui 10.2 11.4 12.6 13.8 15.0 16.2 17.4 18.6 19.8 21.0 22.2 23.4 24.6 27.5 30.5 31.7 33.0 34.2 35.5 36.7
Beijing 52.5 54.6 56.7 58.8 60.9 63.0 65.1 67.2 69.4 71.5 73.6 75.7 77.8 75.2 72.6 73.8 75.1 76.3 77.6 78.8
Chongqing 25.6 24.2 22.8 21.4 19.9 18.5 17.1 15.7 14.3 12.9 11.5 10.1 8.69 25.4 42.1 41.9 41.6 41.3 41.1 40.8
Fujian 38.4 42.3 46.3 50.2 54.1 58.1 62.0 66.0 69.9
Gansu 8.37 9.21 10.1 10.9 11.7 12.6 13.4 14.2 15.1 15.9 16.8 17.6 18.4 26.5 34.6 36.4 38.2 40.0 41.8 43.6
Guangdong 44.1 44.6 45.1 45.6 46.1 46.6 47.1 47.6 48.1 48.6 49.1 49.6 50.1 47.5 44.8 49.6 54.4 59.1 63.9 68.6
Guangxi Zhuang 0.01 5.42 10.8 16.3 29.4 42.5 45.5 48.6 51.6 54.7 57.8
Guizhou 0.01 0.42 0.84 1.25 15.1 28.9 31.0 33.2 35.3 37.5 39.6
Hainan 21.9 22.6 23.2 23.9 24.6 25.2 25.9 26.5 27.2
Hebei 2.35 9.73 17.1 24.5 31.9 39.3 40.9 42.6 44.2 45.9 47.5
Heilongjiang 32.4 33.2 34.1 34.9 35.8 36.6 39.1 41.6 44.2 46.7 49.2
Henan 15.0 15.8 16.6 17.4 18.1 18.9 19.7 20.5 21.3 22.0 22.8 23.6 24.4 30.4 36.4 38.6 40.7 42.9 45.1 47.3
Hubei 24.2 23.9 23.5 23.2 22.8 22.5 22.2 21.8 21.5 21.2 20.8 20.5 20.2 31.6 43.0 45.2 47.4 49.6 51.9 54.1
Hunan 14.4 19.3 24.1 29.0 33.8 38.7 37.8 37.0 36.1 35.3 34.4
Inner Mongolia 31.0 31.5 32.1 32.7 33.3 33.9 34.5 35.1 35.6
Jiangsu 16.0 18.2 20.4 22.6 24.9 27.1 29.3 31.5 33.8 36.0 38.2 40.4 42.7 50.7 58.8 58.8 58.8 58.8 58.8 58.8
Jiangxi 23.2 25.2 27.2 29.1 31.1 33.1 36.2 39.4 42.6 45.8 48.9
Jilin 7.45 12.5 17.5 22.5 27.5 32.5 33.3 34.1 34.9 35.7 36.5
Liaoning 20.2 21.8 23.4 25.0 26.5 28.1 29.7 31.3 32.8 34.4 36.0 37.6 39.2 39.7 40.3 43.8 47.2 50.7 54.1 57.6
Ningxia 32.4 33.9 35.3 36.7 38.2 39.6 41.0 42.4 43.9
Qinghai 99.9 91.3 82.6 74.0 55.1 36.2 39.9 43.6 47.3 51.0 54.7
Shaanxi 0.01 4.17 8.34 12.5 30.4 48.4 49.9 51.4 52.9 54.4 55.9
Shandong 34.8 39.1 43.3 47.5 51.7 55.9 55.1 54.3 53.4 52.6 51.8
Shanghai 41.0 47.3 53.5 59.8 66.1 72.4 72.9 73.4 73.9 74.4 74.8
Shanxi 2.94 5.97 9.01 12.1 15.1 18.1 21.2 24.2 27.2 30.3 33.3 36.4 39.4 38.7 38.0 39.0 39.9 40.9 41.9 42.9
Sichuan 14.9 15.7 16.6 17.4 18.3 19.1 20.0 20.9 21.7 22.6 23.4 24.3 25.1 35.9 46.7 43.9 41.2 38.4 35.6 32.9
Tianjin 68.8 67.9 66.9 66.0 65.1 64.1 65.6 67.1 68.5 70.0 71.5
Yunnan 11.1 11.4 11.7 12.0 12.2 12.5 12.8 13.1 13.4 13.7 14.0 14.3 14.6 23.7 32.7 31.7 30.7 29.7 28.7 27.7
Zhejiang 40.3 42.8 45.3 47.8 50.3 52.8 54.5 56.2 58.0 59.7 61.4